Recently, I was fortunate enough to attend the tribal art exhibition held at Chitrakala Parishat. Got to see some of the great indian tribal art paintings. Thought of sharing it with the rest of the world too.
Warli art is a beautiful folk art of Maharashtra, traditionally created by the tribal women. The paintings reflect the social, day-to-day life of a common man.
Warli paintings use a very basic graphic vocabulary: a circle, a triangle and a square. Even today, it is a tradition with the tribes to decorate the mud walls of the huts with paintings made in rice paste. Nowadays, the paintings are made on hand-made paper, usually green or brown or black, depicting the color of the wall, with a white paint. The paintings are simple line drawings, mere outlines with little or no detailing. Each painting is usually an entire scene that contains various elements of nature including people, animals, trees, hills etc. The thread that binds all these loose elements can be events like a marriage, a dance, sowing, harvesting or hunting.
The Warli culture portrays one of the best examples of man – environment interaction. Their indigenous practices are proof of how the tribes, though illiterate, had the mechanism to preserve the environment.
For more information, see – http://www.warli.in/
Saura paintings are from the saura tribes who live in Orissa. Saura tribe (a.k.a Sabara and Sora) is one of the oldest known communities in India. These paintings are found on the mud walls of their houses. However, these days they are drawn on fine Tussar silk.
The painting usually depict the daily activities in the life of the Sauras. The paintings show several rows of human forms engaged in daily or ceremonial activities. In alternating set of rows, differing moods/activities of people are portrayed.
The Sauras’ depiction of the human form is similar to that of the Warlis and hence at times, the Saura paintings are mistaken as Warli paintings. However, the two styles of painting differ distinctly in their use of colours, backgrounds and other details.
The Gond tribe, one of the famous tribes belonging to the Mandala region of Madhya Pradesh, has a typical style of painting, known as Gond paintings. A relatively new art form, these are painted freehand and they reflect their perception of life.
The bodies of the various forms that the Gonds paint are seldom or perhaps never in one shade, they are always striped, dotted or filled with any other geometrical pattern. The bodies are often shown in vivid colors. They are done on a handmade paper with poster colors. The topics are selected from the natural surroundings or just from the happenings of their day-to-day lives.
I have never come across Gond art like this before. Was totally in awe!
As and when I come across, I will try to add more tribal arts to this blog.
Special thanks to the exhibitor for letting me photograph these.